Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)
One of the most viable and cost-effective negative emissions technologies is BECCS, which produces usable energy while removing CO2 from the atmosphere.
BECCS uses biomass – including residue/waste, such as sugar cane waste; and bioenergy crops such as fast-growing trees from sustainably managed forests – as an energy source. It then captures and stores the CO2 produced during the conversion of the biomass into energy. The bioenergy crops help store carbon in the soil and in their biomass.
BECCS produces negative emissions when the CO2 stored is more than that emitted during the production of biomass and its transport and conversion into energy.
BECCS is a proven technology and there are now five facilities globally that are using BECCS technology. Together they are capturing around 1.5 million tonnes of CO2 per year.